This would be an important week for my favorite poet, Gerard Manley Hopkins. As a Jesuit priest, he would have been active in the liturgies celebrated during this time. The Hopkins scholar, Joseph Feeney, even refers to “the busy Fr Hopkins during Holy Week.”
We’re going to spend this week with “the busy Fr Hopkins,” dwelling on poems that either trace his experience of the feasts or touch on similar themes.
There is a kinship between literature and liturgy that Hopkins would have felt deeply. Often, across traditions, liturgical texts are poems or narratives, and neither can be contained within a single experience. We’ve never really read a poem until we’ve read it twice. Liturgy works on the same principle, which is why religious calendars bring back the same old holiday every year. It’s the same reason that Carnival comes back every year too.
In this way, poems are mysterious. We can keep reading them, keep returning to them, and never exhaust them. In an 1883 letter to Robert Bridges, Hopkins defined mystery as “an incomprehensible certainty: without certainty, without formulation there is no interest . . . the clearer the formulation the greater the interest.” He proposed that “at bottom the source of interest is . . . the unknown, the reserve of truth beyond what the mind reaches and still feels to be behind.”
In Mystery and Manners, Flannery O’Connor attributes the same power of mystery to novels:
I think that the way to read a book is always to see what happens, but in a good novel, more always happens than we are able to take in at once, more happens than meets the eye. The mind is led on by what it sees into the greater depths that the book’s symbols naturally suggest. This is what is meant when critics say that a novel operates on several levels. The truer the symbol, the deeper it leads you, the more meaning it opens up.
So we’re not going to try to get at Hopkins’s poetry all at once. We’re going to experience it slowly this week, and just look at a few things that stand out.
Come back to spend time with Hopkins this coming Thursday through Sunday.